Bhai Mardana

Bhai Mardana

by Bhai Vir Singh (Author) Language : Punjabi Total Download : 928 5 Share this Book.....

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'Bhai Mardana' was the first disciple and long life companion of Guru Nanak Dev Ji. With all the wit and humor of the Punjabi minstrel , Mardana became a poet and philosopher in the Guru’s company. He was a Muslim by birth and belonged to a lower caste. In this book, Bhai Vir Singh said that the present time is full of negative aspects like greed, anger, sexual feeling, lustful attraction and ego. One must come out of it and help in building a society which is free from these types of evils and he stressed that people should walk on that path which Guru Nanak DevJi showed to Mardana. Mardana is an example of these day’s people because he was an ordinary person always struggled hard for the reformation of the people.

When Guru Nanak Dev Ji prepared to go forth into the world to preach his message, he invited Mardana to accompany him. They both went to many places like Mecca, Medina, Baghdad, Sayyidpur, Sialkot, Dhaka (capital of Bangladesh), Delhi and Punjab. Many incidents happened when they preached their message. Most of the events were linked to Mardana’s  desire for food for example they had traveled very far from Sultanpur where Mardana felt hungry and needed something to eat immediately. GuruJi pointed to the village they had passed and said that if he went there, he would be well entertained by Khatris of the ‘Uppal’ caste who lived in that village. When he arrived in that village, he found everyone more than hospitable. He was well fed there and on coming back Guru Nanak DevJi saw him loaded with bundles of things like clothes and jewelry that the Villagers gave him. Guruji laughed at him and asked a simple question of why he brought those things. To this Mardana realized the oddity of what he had done, he threw the bundle away and just concentrated on the task of spreading their message and ‘Guru ki bani’, the guru’s saying to all and how a disciple should have love for his Guru (Mentor), who always aims to work for the betterment of his disciples.

About Author


Bhai Vir Singh is regarded as the founder and creator of Punjabi Literature and was a revered writer and poet known for his spiritual literary work in particular. He was born into a Sikh traditional family on 5th December 1872 in Amritsar. His creative works involve the “Shri Guru Nanak Chamatkar” depicting the influence of Guru Nanak Devji in ordinary people’s lives. He reoriented the Sikh faith and assimilated different modernizing influences and made it go in unity with the Sikh rich history and cultural heritage. His Literary geniuses include, Shri Guru Kalgidhar Chamatkar, Bijay Singh and Satwant Kaur. One can also look into his historical collections with books like Sri Guru Nanak Chamatkar and Sri Asht Guroo Chamatkar etc. His later contributions do not need any introduction as he wrote several books on Gurbani, the lives of the Sikh Gurus and other religious figures. He made an impression with books like Subhagji da Sudhar Hathin Baba Naudh Singh, popularly known as Baba Naudh Singh. His short poems include books like Dil Tarang (1920), Tarel Tupke (1921), Lahiran de Har (1921), Matak Hulare (1922), Bijlian de Har (1927) and Mere Sayian Jio (1953). This then showed the way and led to the emergence of Punjabi poetry. His creative work and poetry made him so popular that he was declared as Bhai, the brother of the Sikh order, very early in his career for his true contribution in spreading Sikhism.

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